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Rwandan agriculture has made great progress over the past years in terms of productivity. FinScope 2016 results show that 86% of adults in Rwanda are from households that are involved in farming activities. As such, the sector contributes to poverty reduction by enabling income generation and ensuring food security for a large part of the population. These changes are supported by the deliberate efforts by the Government of Rwanda as guided by Vision 2020 and in line with the EDPRS II targets1. However, farmers are still facing a number of challenges linked to the lack of access to agricultural finance, low and irregular income, high vulnerability related to seasonality, drought, and climate change, as well as location and associated remoteness, which affects their levels of financial inclusion especially in terms of low access to finance and credit, crop and livestock insurance, as well as other risk management strategies in the agricultural sector.
In total, about 86% of adults in Rwanda are from households that are involved in agricultural activities (= about 5.2 million). They depend either directly or indirectly on agriculture as their main source of income, employment, and/or main source of food security. In turn, only 14% of Rwanda’s adult population is not involved in agricultural activities at all.