Cross cutting areas



Inclusion: Across each of the pillars AFR will think through how effectively interventions address the inclusion of marginalised groups including women, youth, People With Disabilities (PWD) and refugees. This means that while there will be specific inclusion interventions targeting women (as well as youth, refugees and PWD) in Pillar 1, AFR will mainstream the inclusion of women and other marginalised groups in all Pillars.



Agriculture: The majority of the poor in Rwanda are involved in agriculture and thus a key sector for AFR’s efforts to increase inclusion. Similarly, efforts to support finance for growth cannot happen without a focus on agriculture and agro-processing. AFR will ensure interventions effectively improve agricultural productivity and jobs.

Risk Mitigation


Risk Mitigation: Low-income people face many challenges and most low-income people do not have risk mitigation mechanisms to cope and to maintain gains achieved given changes in trade, technology, and climate. Their low income means they are less able to save, accumulate assets or secure adequate risk mitigation tools. AFR will support initiatives to increase the ability of marginalised segments and businesses to save, purchase appropriate insurance, pension products and other risk management mechanisms.

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